LH Side of Furnace Mount Savage Furnace RH Side of Furnace
LH Side of Furnace Mount Savage Furnace RH Side of Furnace
Front of Furnace Coal House Wall
Front of Furnace Coal House Wall


Mount Savage Furnace is in fairly good condition. The furnace is located just off the road and is reported to be on Mead Company land, although this is not verified. The property owner behind the furnace has taken upon himself to maintain the furnace grounds and plans to remove the underbrush growing from the top during the summer. The furnace has two tuyeres and some of the original lining stone. A portion of the front has been rebuilt with modern brick. The inner cupola is gone. The area to the right of the furnace has stonework present in the ground, indicating the probably foundation stones for either the engine house or a casting shed.

It is interesting to note that the top of the furnace transitions from a pyramid to a square shape. This differs from the construction of furnaces located in Ohio and Pennsylvania, which remain a pyramid shape all the way to the top.

On the hillside above the furnace, I found evidence of a stone wall that appears to be the remains of a building, most probably the storage shed for charging materials. side

First Visited: 1Q 2003


Start of Operation: 1848

Blowout: 1880

Daily Tonnage: 2,293 tons per year - about 8.5 tons per day on a 9 month production window

Built By: R.M. Biggs, with Fausen (German Stonemason)

Stack: 31 feet high w/10 foot bosh

Blast: Hot

Type: Coal

The furnace was built in 1848 and ran for many years until the Civil War, when it shut down. It reopened in 1870 under the name of the Lexington and Carter County Mining Company. The furnace blew out in 1874. It reopened again in 1877 as the Mount Savage Furnace Company, headed by H.W. Bates. Capacity was increased to 13.5 tons per day. The furnace closed for good in 1880.

The following information was obtained from George Wolfford. Much thanks to William Miller, who lives behind the furnace, for sharing this text with me. The numbers indicate the age of the individuals.

Colliers at Mount Savage Furnace: Thomas Osborn - 33, Robert Devore - 24, Henry J. Evans - 39, Hiram Osborne - 23, B.F.S. Halum - 29, Arch Isom - 33, Martin Ison - 33, Isaac Hamilton - 30, George Johnson - 24, John Pridemore - 40, Moses Gallett - 30, Alfred Banfield - 27, Daniel Armstrong - 38, John S. Goliher - 60, John Broils - 20, Andy Brown - 34, Brown Davies - 21, Jomes Darney - 19.

Ore Diggers at Mount Savage Furnace: Robert Lawson - 50, Henry Hillenberg - 30, Golbert Puffinger - 31, Henry Hidon - 25, John MArms - 84, George W. Arms -?, Daniel Gullet - 45, John Smith - 39, Frank Codof -?, John S. Jacobs - ?, EW - 38, Samuel Glatz - ?, Coonrod Mutter - 44, James Denver - 23.

Teamsters at Mount Savage Furnace: Milton Fultz - 33, Lewis Rundy - 44, Jeremiah Biggs - 58, Leonard Blaze - 27, Henry Culbertson - 28, John Goad - 26, G.W. Counts - 36, S. Hensley - 33, Sylvester Adams - 27, Levi Jenkins - 40, Duncan - 34.

Workers at Mount Savage Furnace: Daniel Adams -25 -Filler, Hiram Evans -23 -Laborer, Danel Fetch -37 -Engine Tender, Charles Ruths -32 -Wagonmaker, Andrew Biggs -31 -Furnace Manager, William H. Jacobs -29 -Clerk, Henry Rucker -28 -Store Clerk, Samuel Huston -32 -Engineer, Andrew Wood -28 - Engineer, G.W. Waugh -31 -Raking Stock, T.W. Hudgins -29 -Doctor, Lindardail Rice -58 -Midwife, Arch Nipp -20 -Wood Hauler, Johnson Ward -24 -Wood Hauler, John Hillman -30 -Wood Hauler, Jacob Dandridge -65 -Lime Breaker, Ezekial Rice -84 -Miller, Champ Gee -55 -Miller. J.P. Welch -39 -Grocer/Merchant, John Ball -24 -Brickmason, Andrew Ouster -22 -Mason, William A. Wilburn -18 -Mail Carrier, John Humpbrey -48 -Gardner, Mary Pickell -33 - Bound Girl, J.H. Burchett -34 -Constable.

Per J.P. Lesley,


Take Route 60 to Grayson, then Route 1 south to Hitchens. Go east on 773 for two miles, the furnace is on the left.

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