Also known as Iron Valley and Cornelia Furnace



Top of Lincoln Furnace Lincoln Furnace Front of Furnace Looking Up the Stack
Top of Lincoln Furnace Lincoln Furnace Front of Furnace Looking Up the Stack


An interesting furnace, located just off Route 32 (The Appalachian Highway). The furnace was basically built in a seam within the side outcropping of a stone wall hillside. Nearby Raccoon Creek may have supplied power for the bellows. There is no evidence of other structures other than the furnace itself.

The furnace is in fair condition considering the nature of its construction. The site is little more than a crack in the hillside - it is unknown how big the stack was, or if they merely loaded from the top of the hillside.

First Visit: 3Q-2002


Start of Operation: 1855 (Lesley reports 1853)

Blowout: 1885

Daily Tonnage: 12 tons

Built By: See Notes Below

Stack: 38 feet w/11 foot bosh

Blast: Cold blast initially, later converted to a hot blast

Type: Charcoal

I have some different sources of information regarding the construction of Lincoln Furnace. Obviously, some additional research will be required to form a final historically accurate record for the builders of this furnace.

Again, per Robert Ervin, the furnace was known as Iron Valley, or Cornelia Furnace. Ervin reports that the furnace was hewn out of a solid stone cliff and had an initial capacity of 12 tons per day. The furnace ran until 1858, when it was sold to the Iron Valley Furnace Company. In 1861, they leased the furnace to William McGhee and William Ratcliff. McGhee bought out Ratcliff in 1863 and changed the name of the furnace to Lincoln. He later changed the name to Cornelia to honor his only daughter.

Per J.P. Lesley, the fn produced 2,000 tons of iron out of limestone ore mixed with a little block ore, taken from the surrounding coal measures.


Take RT32 east from Jackson, Ohio. Just before the Vinton County line, turn right onto the road leading to the strip mine. The road will basically branch into three directions. The center (main road) will lead to the strip mine entrance. The right hand road is a posted BLASTING area - DO NOT ENTER!. Take the left hand path that parallels Rt32. Drive slowly and keep an eye to the right. Just past point where the strip mine gate is (looking right), the road veers to the left. There will be a small access road (blocked off) to the right. Park at the bend. The furnace is just north of the access road on the edge of the hill. BE VERY CAREFUL OR YOU WILL FALL IN THE FURNACE HOLE! Getting down to the furnace front is fairly tricky and not for the faint of heart. The hillside is very steep and tends to be very wet.

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