Index

Pictures

LH Side of Furnace RH Side of Furnace Foundation Stone
LH Side of Furnace RH Side of Furnace Foundation Stone
LH Tuyere Rear Tuyere RH Tuyere
LH Tuyere Rear Tuyere RH Tuyere
Front of Furnace Inner Cupola Liner Iron Work
Front of Furnace Inner Cupola Liner Iron Work

Description

Laurel Hill Furnace remains in excellent condition. The furnace has four tuyeres, a cupola liner, and extensive slag formation. The front portion of the inner liner is open, permitting a clear view into the interior of the stack. The right hand tuyere has an original tuyere hole present. The iron work is also interesting. Four tie rods are evident on each corner, providing exceptional strength and structural support. I have never seen this many tie rods on a furnace, and the quality of construction is clearly evident.

To the front of the furnace are four foundation stones. These would have supported uprights for the casting shed, which covered the pouring area during operation. The area to the left of the furnace shows a clear depression - evidence of the bellows that would have provided the blast to this furnace. According to records, the depression was part of a 35 foot deep wheel pit, lined with cut stone. At the bottom of the pit was a four foot tunnel, also lined with stone, that ran a quarter mile to the nearby stream.

I found extensive evidence of slag in the field across the road. The area has been converted to a pig farm and the animals have done an excellent job turning up buried evidence from the furnace era. One piece of slag still had charcoal pieces encased in the block. I also found a piece of iron plate.

First Visited: 2Q 2003

History

Start of Operation: 1845/6

Blowout: 1855 or 1860 - records are not clear

Daily Tonnage:

Built By: Hezekiah Reed, Gallagher and Hale

Stack:

Blast: Cold

Type: Charcoal

Directions

Take PA711 to New Florence. At the eastern edge of town turn south on SR1003 for about 0.6 miles then bear left on T899. Cross the creek and bear right on T962 to the forks in the creek about 1.1 miles from PA711. The furnace is on the left just past the forks.

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